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Architectural designer and futurist, Jacque Fresco, is considered an inspiration by many for his innovative ideas and his blueprint for a sustainable society and planet. It is known as the Venus Project. While some of his ideas are considered radical and far-fetched, we are now reaching a point in technology where it may be time for a reappraisal.

建築設計師與未來學家,傑克弗雷斯寇,他創新的想法,與建構永續性社會的藍圖,被很多人肯定深具啟發性。這個建構的想法,叫維納斯計畫。不過其中一部分,被認為太激進,很難勾得到。但,我們現在又正達到一個科技成熟的時間點,或許可重新再評估一下。

The Venus Project proposes an alternative vision of what the future can be if we apply what we already know in order to achieve a sustainable new world civilization. It calls for a straightforward redesign of our culture in which the age-old inadequacies of war, poverty, hunger, debt and unnecessary human suffering are viewed not only as avoidable, but as totally unacceptable. Anything less will result in a continuation of the same catalogue of problems inherent in today’s world. Today many people believe what is needed is a higher sense of ethical standards and the enactment of international laws to assure a sustainable global society.

維納斯計畫提出對於未來一個可能的遠景,如果我們能將所知應用上去,就能達到一個永續經營的新世界文明。他需要的是直接對我們現有的文化,重新設計。這個舊文化充滿了戰爭、貧窮、飢餓、債務與不必要的受苦;不僅不需要,而且根本不能接受。任何東西過少,會造成沒有持續力。今天很多人相信所需要的是更高的倫理標準,與國際法律的制定,確保一個永續性的全球社會。

venusproject

Fresco’s idea advocates for a society that runs on socio-cooperation, and uses science and the advancement of technology in clean and efficient ways. He calls this system a “resource-based economy”, and it would involve reconstructing the entire planet’s infrastructure. The planet would need to work together as one, “eliminating the false borders that separate continents and countries and looking at our planet as an open trading highway system.”

弗雷斯寇的想法是,提倡一個促使社會合作,以科學、與先端科技為根基,乾淨有效的方式。他稱這個系統為「資源為主的經濟體」。這會牽涉到全球基礎架構的重新布局。這個星球需要以一體性,一起工作,消除國與國的疆域,把整個地球,看為一個開放貿易的高速道路的系統。

Because our current system is based on mass consumerism, which promotes environmental neglect, we are not living in a sustainable society, and it’s only a matter of time before we drain the planet of its resources. Fresco suggests that the answer is to automate as much as possible in the shortest period of time. By doing so, we can use technology to produce and distribute resources for the entire world in a clean and efficient manner. In this way, technology can work for everyone.

我們現有的系統,是根基於大量的消費主義,忽略環境的重要性。我們現在並不是生活在永續社會裡。我們把這地球的資源耗光,只是時間的問題。弗雷斯寇建議答案是盡量短時間內自動化。要做到這個,我們可使用科技,以乾淨有效的方式,為這整個地球製造並分配資源。這樣,科技就可為每個人做工。

the-venus-project

Two common concerns at this point are whether or not there would be enough resources for everyone, and whether or not mass automation will have a negative effect on the job market. The first thing to take into consideration is that the Venus Project would terminate the need for a monetary system, thereby having no effect on the job market, and if we can get to a point where the level of production is high enough (which Fresco claims is more than possible), scarcity will no longer exist. The theory is that with most jobs automated, and resources in abundance, the average person will only have to work a couple hours a day, and they would have everything they could possibly need.

關於維納斯計畫,很多人看了,有兩個反應;一,是否有足夠資源,分配給每個個體?以及大量自動化,是否會對就業市場有負面影響?第一點,維納斯計畫會中止人類的貨幣系統;所以對於就業市場沒有影響。如果我們到達一個生產規模,匱乏不復存在,理論上,越多工作被自動化,資源又很豐盛的情況下,一般人只要一天工作數小時,他們就能擁有想要的每樣事物。

Fresco also suggests that computers can be used to benefit mankind by using a global intelligence network to oversee things such as the production and distribution of goods, and to ensure there would be no shortages or overruns of resources. “Decisions being made in this innovative society would be based around the needs of the people and the conservation of the planet, not corporate interests.” Our corporate-run society uses the monetary system to stress a need for vast resources that don’t have to be used—it promotes waste.

弗雷斯寇也建議,電腦如果能連起全球智慧通訊網來監控一些流程,比方;生產與分配流程,就能大大裨益眾生。確保資源沒有短缺,與過度生產。在創新社會所做的決策,建構在人們的需求,與地球的保存。這裡頭不講企業利益。我們以企業為主的社會,利用貨幣制度,強調大量用不到的資源,只是造成浪費。

Fresco has numerous ideas for this new system, all of which are outlined in the documentary provided at the bottom of this page. From clean, renewable energy, to transportation, it seems Fresco has thought of nearly everything.

弗雷斯寇對於這個新制度有好多想法。都描寫在以下的紀錄片中。從乾淨再生能源,到運輸。弗雷斯寇好像把所有事情都想過。

The venusproject

Fresco’s system would also eliminate the need for a government. As of yet, “none of the world’s economic systems—socialism, communism, fascism, or the free enterprise system—have eliminated the problems of elitism, nationalism, racism, and most of all scarcity.” These government-run systems are centered primarily on economic disparity.

弗雷斯寇的新制度裡,也消除了對政府的需求性。因為世界上,沒有一個經濟體系,社會主義、共產主義、法西斯主義、或自由經濟體,能消除菁英問題。國家主義、種族主義,與大多數的匱乏問題。這些政府主要建立在經濟的貧富差距。

When money is used to regulate and distribute resources for profit, people and nations are out for themselves. They will seek advantage at any cost. They do this by maintaining a competitive edge, or through military intervention. War represents the supreme failure of nations to resolve their differences. From a strictly pragmatic standpoint, it is the most inefficient waste of lives and resources ever conceived.

當金錢被用來規範與分配利益,人們與國家被排除於外。他們會不計代價尋找利益,他們保持競爭性,或透過戰爭干預。戰爭代表解決差異最大的失敗,從極端實用觀點來看,這是所知,最不合經濟效益,浪費生命,浪費資源的方式。

Fresco believes that people are good at heart, and that negative ideals are taught. It is his belief that when people are provided with everything they need, from the necessities required to survive, to the things that give us pleasure, the need for greed and corruption evaporates. There is no need for a governing body or military in a world where everyone is provided for. There is no need for police if greed and desperation, and ultimately crime, are not present.

弗雷斯寇相信人性本善,如果有惡,那也是被教出來的。他相信,當人們被給予任何所需的東西,從日常用品,到可帶來心靈滿足愉悅的產品,貪婪與貪污會整個蒸發,一掃而空,政府或軍隊根本不需要,當貪婪絕望與最大罪惡不存在時,警察也不需要。

In the world Fresco is suggesting, technology can be used to advance mankind in positive ways. Rather than using science to advance our weapons technology, we can concentrate on the true necessities, such as the medical field. Fresco believes that with medical care available to all, as well as advancements in technology, those conditions and disorders that cause violent reactions in people can be detected and treated from an early age, without the need for a prison system.

弗雷斯寇建議科技能被用來正面提升人類,而不是去發展尖端新武器。我們可以更集中在真正所需,像醫療領域。弗雷斯寇相信醫療照護普及到全人類,與科技的先進發展,一些失調暴力犯罪,能早一步被偵測到,並攔截中和掉。就無須有監獄體制。

This has nothing to do with those who want to form an elite world order with themselves and large corporations in control and the rest of the world subservient to them. On the contrary, a global resource-based economy enables all people to reach their highest potential where they can thrive and grow in a society that works on their behalf. A society that protects and preserves the environment as well—one that understands we are a part of nature, not separate from it.

這跟誰想要形成菁英世界秩序,大財團控制,其餘的人聽命有關。相反地,全性資源經濟體制,能使人們到達他們最高的潛能,蓬勃發展,在一個真正屬於它們的社會,成長茁壯。一個社會,能保護、保存環境,一個知道我們是自然的一部分的社會、而不是分離的社會。

Controversy爭議

There have been a few arguments against the Venus Project, with some even claiming that Scientology, Hitler, Mao, and Stalin all pale in comparison. This mainly seems to be due to the fact that there would be no need for currency, police, prison systems, or a government in Fresco’s vision.

不過、還是有些爭論。特別在不需要貨幣、不需要警察、不需要監獄、或甚至不需要政府這部分。

Some have commented that a system such as the one Fresco is suggesting would eliminate competition, and without competition humans would lose their creativity and imagination. It should be noted that the desire for competition is not a human trait, but rather a cultural trait, and there was no direct link found between competition and the ability to create or imagine:

有些人認為這個未來系統能消除競爭、沒有競爭,人類會失去它們的創造力與想像力。特別要注意,想要競爭的慾望,並不是人類與生俱來的特質,而是種後天文化的學習。具競爭性,與有能力創造與想像,兩者之間並無直接關聯。

Mainstream culture in the United States emphasizes assertiveness and individuality, so many Westerners are competitive and reluctant to give in to others. In more communal societies, people have less individualistic perspectives and are less likely to focus on winning conflicts (Ting-Toomey, 1991; Van Yperen & Buunk, 1991). Similarly, in Japan and many other Asian cultures, open disagreement is strongly condemned (Gangwish, 1999). Great effort is made to avoid winning at the cost of causing another person to lose face. In Japanese sports, the ideal is not for one team to win but for a tie to occur so that neither team loses face. When there is to be a winner, Japanese athletes try to win by only a slim margin so that the losing team is not humiliated (“American Games, Japanese Rules,” cited in Ferrante, 2006). (Wood, 2013).

美國主流文化強調果決與個體性,很多西方人具競爭性,不願意讓渡給別人。在更多共有的社會裡,人們比較少個體性,不太具備贏的衝突;同樣地,在亞洲,在日本,公開反對是會顧人怨的。不願讓某人沒面子,盡量避免全盤贏。日本的運動裡,理想的狀況不是讓一個隊伍贏,而是讓輸隊伍小輸,兩個隊伍結盟。這樣輸的隊伍,才不會有受辱的感覺。

the-venus-project2

The most common argument, however, is that the Venus Project is another form of communism or socialism, though it appears to be difficult for skeptics to make a solid connection. For example in one critic’s study it was noted that the Venus Project opposes the Leninist Bolshevik brand of communism, and openly rejects the George Sorel approach of “ongoing blood riots and violence”, therefore meaning that the Venus Project is not a form of revolutionary communism. A connection was immediately made afterwards to socialism though, due to the fact Fresco’s system rejects police, prisons, and military.

另外一個爭議點,是維納斯計畫有點像另個形式的共產主義。或社會主義,雖然很難畫上等號

Communism being similar to a resource-based economy or the Venus Project is an erroneous concept. Communism has money, banks, armies, police, prisons, charismatic personalities, social stratification, and is managed by appointed leaders. The Venus Project’s aim is to surpass the need for the use of money. Police, prisons and the military would no longer be necessary when goods, services, healthcare, and education are available to all people.

共產主義類似資源分配的經濟體,或維納斯計畫是個錯誤的想法。共產主義裡仍有貨幣、銀行、軍隊、政策、監獄,然後會有個指派的領導人帶領。維納斯計畫是超越對於貨幣、警察、監獄、軍隊的需要,當產品、服務、照護與教育能普及給每個人時,根本不需要這些東西。

In a report from Collective-Evolution:

Some argue that Jacque Fresco’s plans are idealistic and crazy, and that our world is too far away from such a utopia. However, if we take a moment to observe our current state, it is easy to see that people are not content with the way the world is currently run. Countries all around the world are standing up to their governments with hope of reconstructing a future which provides equal and harmonious living standards for all. We are aware that we need to create something new, and perhaps Jacque Fresco’s blueprints hold the key to the new Earth we’ve been waiting for all along.

有些人會說維納斯計畫,瘋狂、不實際。我們現有的世界,離這烏托邦還很遠。但是如果我們花些時間想一下,觀察現有的狀態,很容易看到人們並不滿意現有這個世界運轉的方式。所有的國家都站起來面對他們的政府,希望能重新建構一個美好的將來,提供平等和諧的生活標準,給所有人。我們知道,我們需要創造一些新的東西,或許就是弗雷斯寇所策劃的藍圖,握有走入新世界的鑰匙。這個新世界,是所有人等很久,引頸期盼的。

http://anonhq.com/venus-project-one-world-no-gover...

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